Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven represents the culmination of classicism and the awakening of romanticism. This German composer was born in Bonn in 1770. Like a light in a difficult childhood, Ludwig van Beethoven's talent was soon apparent outside his circle of friends. Among Beethoven's masters is the composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe under whose aegis, the young Ludwig received the title of substitute organist at the age of 12, before becoming a violist in the princely orchestra in 1785. Together with Count Waldstein, Ludwig van Beethoven went on a study trip to Vienna and then met Mozart. Back in Bonn, the young man witnessed the death of his mother and, marked by this evenet, left for Vienna in 1792 with the composer Joseph Haydn. Beethoven enjoyed a brilliant life - thanks to the support of the aristocracy - and success, thanks to his talent as a pianist. He wrote sonatas, trios and concertos and his first symphonies were composed between 1800 and 1802. After all this glory, the artist went through a series of difficulties: his unfortunate love for the Countess Giulietta Guicciardi and his bouts of deafness from 1798. However, Beethoven retained some of his hearing and creativity. From 1804 to 1812, he wrote the "Symphony No. 3" dedicated to Bonaparte, symphonies No. 4 to No. 8, string quartets, his last piano and violin concertos, sonatas and his only opera, "Fidelio". Discover, at your own pace, the musical heritage left by this virtuoso who died in Vienna in 1827: "Für Elise", "Sonate Pathétique", "Moonlight Sonata" or the "Ode to Joy" to cite a few which are available below.